Windows is the Operating system made by Microsoft, founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen. It becomes one of the most popular OS among all. Below are the history of Windows from the earliest version to the latest version.
Microsoft Windows 1.0 was the first version of the operating system in the world of operating systems based Graphical User Interface (GUI) created by Microsoft Corporation. This version was launched on November 10, 1983. Windows 1.x also supports multitasking among many programs. This is a very important improvement compared to the DOS, which was can only run one program (single-tasking) at a time. Because Windows 1.0 is still based on DOS, only one application is allowed to run in advance (foreground application), while the applications are running in the background (background application) temporarily disabled until the user re-enable it. This method is also called cooperative multitasking.
Microsoft Windows 2.0 was the second version of the operating system based-on graphical user interface (GUI) by Microsoft Corporation, which was released on December 9, 1987. Windows 2.x support the use of graphics cards with the specifications of VGA (Video Graphics Array), so it could display the resolution up to 640×480 at 4-bit color depth (16 colors). In addition, Windows 2.x also supports the use of the Intel 80286 processor, the first processor with the ability to protect a memory area.
Windows 3.0 was the third version of the operating system based-on graphical user interface created by Microsoft which was released on May 22, 1990. Windows 3.0 has all the advantages of Windows from Windows 2.xx, such as support for a VGA graphics card (even for SVGA or XGA card), the icon is richer, and the GUI is a little smoother than the Windows 2.xx. Windows 3.xx could run many MS-DOS Prompt and its application in multitasking, because the DOS Virtual Machine in Windows 3.xx is controllable. Windows 3.xx could use memory above 640 KB so developers could develop applications even more powerful because it has a distant memory higher than 640 kilobytes DOS limits.
Windows 95 operating system was a hybrid 16-bit / 32-bit produced by Microsoft. Windows 95 was introduced to the public on August 14, 1995, after an aggressive ad campaign from Microsoft. Windows 95 introduced using the freshly known start menu, innovative menus to access the program group (replacing Program Manager), but it also introduced a replacement Explorer as Windows File Manager, support plug-and-play, program support MS-DOS and Windows 16-bit and 32-bit Windows, and support for file names (file) long, which supports the naming of up to 256 characters, and Microsoft Internet Explorer as the browser.
Windows 98 was the operating system of Microsoft Windows released on 25 June 1998. Windows 98 was the development of Windows 95, and then forwarded by Windows Me. Windows 98 additionally support for AGP, USB, Plug and Play better, the FAT32 file system and Internet Explorer version 4.0. As is described as an operating system, “Works Better, Plays Better,” Windows 98 is the first version of Windows designed specifically for consumers. Then, Microsoft launched Windows 98SE, which added support in Internet Explorer 5, NAT to share Internet connections, digital versatile disk (DVD), Windows Driver Model (WDM), which replaced the model of Virtual Device Driver (VxD) as well as Windows NetMeeting 3.
Windows ME (Millennium Edition)
Windows Me, Windows ME, or Windows Millennium Edition was a version of Windows that was designed specifically for home users, and was intended to replace the previous operating system market, Windows 98. Windows could be run without the help of MS-DOS. As preceded version, Windows Me operating system is the transition between the 16-bit to 32-bit, so all 16-bit programs and 32-bit could be supported. By Microsoft, Windows ME was launched on 14 September 2000.
Windows XP is a line of graphical operating system created by Microsoft for use on personal computers, laptops, and media centers (Media Center). The name “XP” is short for “Experience”. Windows XP was the successor to Windows 2000 Professional and Windows Me. Windows XP is the version of the Windows operating system first consumer-oriented built on the Windows NT kernel and architecture. Windows XP first released on October 25, 2001. Windows XP was replaced by Windows Vista, which was released on November 8, 2006.
Microsoft Windows Vista is the best operating system at this time. With Microsoft Windows Vista, then you would be able to play songs and movies, sound recording, filling a CD-R (RW) and DVD-R (RW), cut audio and video, see the value of the hardware, using the Internet and many others. Before it was announced by the name of Windows Vista on July 22, 2005, the operating system was more commonly known by its codename Longhorn. Microsoft launched Windows Vista on 8 November 2006 for business users, and January 30 2007 to home users.
Windows 7 is the release of Microsoft Windows that replaces Windows Vista. Windows 7 released to computer manufacturers on July 22, 2009 and was released to the public on October 22, 2009. Unlike its predecessor which introduced a lot of new features, Windows 7 was more focused on the development of basic Windows, in order to make it more compatible with applications and computer hardware that is compatible with Microsoft Windows Vista. The redesigned taskbar now known as the Superbar, a home networking system called HomeGroup, and performance improvements. Some standard applications included in previous versions of Microsoft Windows, such as Windows Calendar, Windows Mail, Windows Movie Maker, and Windows Photo Gallery, are not included anymore in Windows 7, most separately offered by Microsoft as part of Windows Live Essentials package.
Windows 8 is the current version of Microsoft Windows. Windows 8 features a redesigned user interface, designed to make it easier for touchscreen users to use Windows. The interface introduced an updated Start menu known as the Start screen, and a new full-screen application platform. The desktop interface is also present for running windowed applications, although Windows RT will not run any desktop applications not included in the system. Windows 8 can boot up much faster than Windows 7. New features also include USB 3.0 support, the Windows Store, the ability to run from USB drives with Windows To Go, and others.
Windows 8 was released to manufacturing on 1 August 2012, and it went on sale 26 October 2012. On 17 October 2013, Microsoft made an updated version that is Windows 8.1. Windows 8.1 is only available as an update in the Windows store and also available to download for clean installation. The update adds new options for resizing the live tiles on the Start screen.
Windows 10 is an upcoming release of the Microsoft Windows operating system. Leaked on September 30, 2014, and it will be released in late-2015.
Source : Wikipedia